Associations between sociodemographic and behaviour factors, and dietary risk factors for overweight and obesity, in Samoan women

Penny Farrell, Joel Negin, Mamaru Awoke, Anne Marie Thow, Malaefono Taua, Taiaopo Faumuina, Seema Mihrshahi, Pavle Vizintin, Justin Richards

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


Adults in Samoa have the third highest obesity prevalence 
in the world, and the prevalence is higher in women than men. The nutritional status of a household in most low- and middle-income countries is positively influenced by the level of control women have over financial resources. Our analysis examined how consumption of specific dietary groups was associated with different sociodemographic and individual health risk factor groups for women who participated in the 2014 Samoa Demographic and Health Survey.

Our research question was explored through multivariate analysis of the 2014 Samoa Demographic and Health Survey dataset. The sociodemographic and health behaviour groups included in our analysis were: urban vs. rural residence, wealth quintile, education level, participation in physical activity program, lives with husband/partner, household size, parity, age, smoking, and alcohol consumption. The following diet variables were included: fruit, vegetables, seafood, high-fat food, sugary drinks, high-salt food, and high-sugar food consumption.

There was a high prevalence of unhealthy food consumption and unhealthy dietary patterns among a) a large proportion of the population, and b) across sociodemographic and health behaviour groups, with a higher prevalence of particular at-risk patterns in some specific groups including women of younger age and women of higher wealth.

Our analysis highlighted some specific opportunities for policy action, including the need to create an enabling environment for healthier food consumption for Samoan women.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)155-161
Number of pages7
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • Samoa
  • Pacific
  • Women
  • Diet
  • Obesity
  • Demographic


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