Asthenospheric signature in fertile spinel lherzolites from the Viliga Volcanic Field in NE Russia

Theodoros Ntaflos*, C. Tschegg, M. Coltorti, V. V. Akinin, J. Kosler

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


Mantle xenolith bearing olivine melanephelinites from the Okhotsk sector of the Okhotsk-Eolteka Volcanic Belt (OCVB), northeastern Russia, occur as small isolated volcanoes emplaced within massive late Early to Late Cretaceous subduction-related calc-alkaline rocks. The xenoliths are typical medium- to fine-grained anhydrous mainly spinel lherzolites that are strongly to weakly foliated with intensive to minor recrystallization to equigranular texture. The primitive mantle normalized whole-rock REE have flat patterns or patterns with slightly elevated light REE (LREE) ((La/y-b)N = 0.48-1.38). The REE in clinopyroxenes have systematically decreasing normalized abundances from Sm to La, implying that the LREE enrichments in the whole-rock REE patterns are attributed to circulation of minor intergranular fluids or melts. Equilibration temperatures and pressures calculated for the Viliga samples are in the range of 1050-1160 °C and 15-21 kbar, respectively. Ca diffusion rates in olivine reveal a rapid transport to the surface (2-6 days) of these peridotites. Model calculations have shown that the fertile lherzolites can be produced by 2-9% batch melting, whereas the depleted peridotites require 15% batch melting of a primitive source. The cessation of the interaction between the palaeo-Pacific plate and the NE Russian margin at c. 87 Ma apparently caused a 'piecemeal' collapse of the former followed by intrusion and ascent of olivine melanephelinitic magma, which entrained xenoliths from the asthenospheric mantle of the subducted plate during the Pliocene through the generated window(s). Moreover, clinopyroxenes that have low 87Sr/86Sr and high 143Nd/144Nd and plot in and above the mid-ocean ridge basalt (MORB) field are consistent with an upwelling asthenospheric mantle through the window(s) created by the 'piecemeal' collapse of the palaeo-Pacific plate.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationMetasomatism in Oceanic and Continetal Lithospheric Mantle
EditorsMassimo Coltorti, Michel Grégoire
Place of PublicationLondon
PublisherThe Geological Society Publishing House
Number of pages25
ISBN (Print)9781862392427
Publication statusPublished - 2008
Externally publishedYes

Publication series

NameGeological Society Special Publication
ISSN (Print)03058719

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