Asymmetry during preseason Functional Movement Screen testing is associated with injury during a junior Australian football season

Samuel Chalmers, Joel T. Fuller, Thomas A. Debenedictis, Samuel Townsley, Matthew Lynagh, Cara Gleeson, Andrew Zacharia, Stuart Thomson, Mary Magarey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Objectives: The Functional Movement Screen (FMS) is a popular screening tool, however, the postulated relationship between prospective injury and FMS scoring remains sparsely explored in adolescent athletes. The aim of the study was to examine the association between pre-season FMS scores and injuries sustained during one regular season competition in elite adolescent Australian football players. Design: Prospective cohort study. Methods: 237 elite junior Australian football players completed FMS testing during the late pre-season phase and had their weekly playing status monitored during the regular season. The definition of an injury was 'a trauma which caused a player to miss a competitive match'. Results: The median composite FMS score was 14 (mean = 13.5. ±. 2.3). An apriori analysis revealed that the presence of ≥1 asymmetrical sub-test was associated with a moderate increase in the risk of injury (hazard ratio = 2.2 [1.0-4.8]; relative risk = 1.9; p = 0.047; sensitivity = 78.4%; specificity = 41.0%). Notably, post-hoc analysis identified that the presence of ≥2 asymmetrical sub-tests was associated with an even greater increase in risk of prospective injury (hazard ratio = 3.7 [1.6-8.6]; relative risk = 2.8; p = 0.003; sensitivity = 66.7%; specificity = 78.0%). Achieving a composite score of ≤14 did not substantially increase the risk of prospective injury (hazard ratio = 1.1 [0.5-2.1]; p = 0.834). Conclusions: Junior Australian football players demonstrating asymmetrical movement during pre-season FMS testing were more likely to sustain an injury during the regular season than players without asymmetry. Findings suggest that the commonly reported composite FMS threshold score of ≤14 was not associated with injury in elite junior AF players.

LanguageEnglish
Pages653–657
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Science and Medicine in Sport
Volume20
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2017
Externally publishedYes

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Football
Wounds and Injuries
Athletes
Cohort Studies
Prospective Studies

Keywords

  • adolescent
  • football
  • trauma
  • screening
  • FMS
  • asymmetry

Cite this

Chalmers, Samuel ; Fuller, Joel T. ; Debenedictis, Thomas A. ; Townsley, Samuel ; Lynagh, Matthew ; Gleeson, Cara ; Zacharia, Andrew ; Thomson, Stuart ; Magarey, Mary. / Asymmetry during preseason Functional Movement Screen testing is associated with injury during a junior Australian football season. In: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport. 2017 ; Vol. 20, No. 7. pp. 653–657.
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abstract = "Objectives: The Functional Movement Screen (FMS) is a popular screening tool, however, the postulated relationship between prospective injury and FMS scoring remains sparsely explored in adolescent athletes. The aim of the study was to examine the association between pre-season FMS scores and injuries sustained during one regular season competition in elite adolescent Australian football players. Design: Prospective cohort study. Methods: 237 elite junior Australian football players completed FMS testing during the late pre-season phase and had their weekly playing status monitored during the regular season. The definition of an injury was 'a trauma which caused a player to miss a competitive match'. Results: The median composite FMS score was 14 (mean = 13.5. ±. 2.3). An apriori analysis revealed that the presence of ≥1 asymmetrical sub-test was associated with a moderate increase in the risk of injury (hazard ratio = 2.2 [1.0-4.8]; relative risk = 1.9; p = 0.047; sensitivity = 78.4{\%}; specificity = 41.0{\%}). Notably, post-hoc analysis identified that the presence of ≥2 asymmetrical sub-tests was associated with an even greater increase in risk of prospective injury (hazard ratio = 3.7 [1.6-8.6]; relative risk = 2.8; p = 0.003; sensitivity = 66.7{\%}; specificity = 78.0{\%}). Achieving a composite score of ≤14 did not substantially increase the risk of prospective injury (hazard ratio = 1.1 [0.5-2.1]; p = 0.834). Conclusions: Junior Australian football players demonstrating asymmetrical movement during pre-season FMS testing were more likely to sustain an injury during the regular season than players without asymmetry. Findings suggest that the commonly reported composite FMS threshold score of ≤14 was not associated with injury in elite junior AF players.",
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Asymmetry during preseason Functional Movement Screen testing is associated with injury during a junior Australian football season. / Chalmers, Samuel; Fuller, Joel T.; Debenedictis, Thomas A.; Townsley, Samuel; Lynagh, Matthew; Gleeson, Cara; Zacharia, Andrew; Thomson, Stuart; Magarey, Mary.

In: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, Vol. 20, No. 7, 07.2017, p. 653–657.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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