Athermally photoreduced graphene oxides for three-dimensional holographic images

Xiangping Li, Haoran Ren, Xi Chen, Juan Liu, Qin Li, Chengmingyue Li, Gaolei Xue, Jia Jia, Liangcai Cao, Amit Sahu, Bin Hu, Yongtian Wang, Guofan Jin, Min Gu

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The emerging graphene-based material, an atomic layer of aromatic carbon atoms with exceptional electronic and optical properties, has offered unprecedented prospects for developing flat two-dimensional displaying systems. Here, we show that reduced graphene oxide enabled write-once holograms for wide-angle and full-colour three-dimensional images. This is achieved through the discovery of subwavelength-scale multilevel optical index modulation of athermally reduced graphene oxides by a single femtosecond pulsed beam. This new feature allows for static three-dimensional holographic images with a wide viewing angle up to 52 degrees. In addition, the spectrally flat optical index modulation in reduced graphene oxides enables wavelength-multiplexed holograms for full-colour images. The large and polarization-insensitive phase modulation over in reduced graphene oxide composites enables to restore vectorial wavefronts of polarization discernible images through the vectorial diffraction of a reconstruction beam. Therefore, our technique can be leveraged to achieve compact and versatile holographic components for controlling light.

Original languageEnglish
Article number6984
Number of pages7
JournalNature Communications
Publication statusPublished - 22 Apr 2015
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Copyright & 2015 Macmillan Publishers Limited. Version archived for private and non-commercial use with the permission of the author/s and according to publisher conditions. For further rights please contact the publisher.


  • Applied physics
  • Graphene
  • Nanophotonics and plasmonics
  • Optical physics


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