Atomistic simulations of trace element incorporation into the large site of MgSiO3 and CaSiO3 perovskites

Alexandre Corgne*, Neil L. Allan, Bernard J. Wood

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    22 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    We have used computer simulation techniques to study the mechanisms of trace element incorporation into the large sites of MgSiO3 and CaSiO3 perovskites on the atomistic level. Both relaxation and solution energies corresponding to the incorporation of isovalent and heterovalent defects can be fitted using the 'lattice strain' model. This underlines the importance of crystal chemistry in the partitioning of trace elements between perovskite and melt. As expected, solution energies, which take some account of possible melt components, approximate more closely experimental perovskite-melt partitioning observations than do relaxation energies. With calculated solution energies we find that the optimum site radius r 0 decreases with increasing defect charge while the apparent Young's modulus Eα of the large site increases with charge in both perovskites, consistent with experimental perovskite-melt partitioning data. For a given trace element charge r 0 is smaller for MgSiO3 than for CaSiO3, as observed experimentally. For a given trace element the difference in calculated solution energy between the two perovskites is reflected in the difference in experimental partition coefficients. For all the charge balancing mechanisms we have considered the solution energies for REE3+, and 4+ cations (including U4+ and Th4+) are much lower in CaSiO3 perovskite than in MgSiO3 perovskite, which provides an explanation for the observed ease with which CaSiO3 perovskite accommodates 3+ and 4+ cations.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)113-127
    Number of pages15
    JournalPhysics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors
    Volume139
    Issue number1-2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 30 Sep 2003

    Keywords

    • Atomistic simulation
    • Lower mantle
    • Perovskite
    • Substitution mechanisms
    • Trace element partitioning

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