Australian children with cerebral visual impairment: using what we know now to improve future approaches

Susan Silveira*, Natalia Kelly, Rosa Wright

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: Little has been reported on Australian children with Cerebral Vision Impairment (CVI). This paper aims to present the outcome of an audit focussed on children with the primary diagnosis of CVI, using findings from the Australian Childhood Vision Impairment Register (ACVIR). Methods: Records on 132 children (49% girls, 51% boys) from ACVIR data gathered from both the child’s parent/guardian and their eye health professional were reviewed. The child’s demographics, level of vision impairment, birth history, diagnostic journey, secondary ocular diagnoses, comorbidities and low vision support were analyzed. Several correlations were investigated using a Kendall’s tau-b analysis including the relationship between vision and age of diagnosis; level of vision and developmental delay; and age of suspicion of visual impairment and age of diagnosis. Results: The most common level of visual impairment was blindness (39%), and most children were suspected and diagnosed of visual impairment in the first 6 months of life. The majority of children were born full term (72%), weighing >2000gms (84%). Nearly half of the cohort of children (48%) had a secondary ocular diagnosis with 44% having nystagmus. The majority of children (80%) had additional health problems, and 85% of children had additional disabilities, with 79% having developmental delay. Conclusion: While the findings of this audit cannot be generalized to a wider population of Australian children with CVI, the outcome encourages continued discussion on CVI, to explore comprehensive assessment approaches which facilitate timely and accurate diagnosis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)253-261
Number of pages9
JournalStrabismus
Volume31
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2 Oct 2023

Keywords

  • cerebral visual impairment
  • children
  • developmental delay
  • register

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