Autobiographical Memory and Imagining Future Personal Events

Event Specificity and Symptoms of Depression and Stress Following Exposure to an Analogue Trauma

Jessica Belcher, Maria Kangas*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The aim of the present study was to investigate whether reduced autobiographical memory and future event specificity were associated with elevated depressive and stress symptoms immediately and 1 week following exposure to a trauma film. A non-clinical sample comprising 101 participants completed all phases of the study, which included the following: baseline tests of autobiographical memory and future event specificity; a diary recording intrusions of the film over a 7-day period; and self-report questionnaires assessing depressive, posttraumatic stress and ruminative symptoms 7 days following the trauma film viewing. Overgeneral autobiographical memory was significantly related to deficits in the specificity with which participants imagined future events. Participants who were more specific when remembering past and imagining future events reported less intrusions related to the trauma film over the 7-day period following the film; however, event specificity was not associated with depressive and stress symptoms 7 days later. These findings suggest that reduced past and future event specificity may play a role in the experience of intrusions following the experience of a stressful event.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)419-431
Number of pages13
JournalStress and Health
Volume31
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2015

Keywords

  • autobiographical memory
  • trauma
  • future events

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Autobiographical Memory and Imagining Future Personal Events: Event Specificity and Symptoms of Depression and Stress Following Exposure to an Analogue Trauma'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this