For each natural number n we determine the average order α(n) of the elements in a cyclic group of order n. We show that more than half of the contribution to α(n) comes from the ϕ(n) primitive elements of order n. It is therefore of interest to study also the function β(n) = α(n)/ϕ(n). We determine the mean behavior of α, β, 1/β, and also consider these functions in the multiplicative groups of finite fields.
|Number of pages||17|
|Journal||Journal de Theorie des Nombres de Bordeaux|
|Publication status||Published - 2004|