Averaging saccades are repelled by prior uninformative cues at both short and long intervals

Zhiguo Wang, Jason Satel, Matthew D. Hilchey, Raymond M. Klein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)


When two spatially proximal stimuli are presented simultaneously, a first saccade is often directed to an intermediate location between the stimuli (averaging saccade). In an earlier study, Watanabe (2001) showed that, at a long cue-target onset asynchrony (CTOA; 600 ms), uninformative cues not only slowed saccadic response times (SRTs) to targets presented at the cued location in single target trials (inhibition of return, IOR), but also biased averaging saccades away from the cue in double target trials. The present study replicated Watanabe's experimental task with a short CTOA (50 ms), as well as with mixed short (50 ms) and long (600 ms) CTOAs. In all conditions on double target trials, uninformative cues robustly biased averaging saccades away from cued locations. Although SRTs on single target trials were delayed at previously cued locations at both CTOAs when they were mixed, this delay was not observed in the blocked, short CTOA condition. We suggest that top-down factors, such as expectation and attentional control settings, may have asymmetric effects on the temporal and spatial dynamics of oculomotor processing.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)825-847
Number of pages23
JournalVisual Cognition
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • attention
  • inhibition of return
  • saccade averaging


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