Awake surgery between art and science. Part II: Language and cognitive mapping

Andrea Talacchi*, Barbara Santini, Marilena Casartelli, Alessia Monti, Rita Capasso, Gabriele Miceli

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

30 Citations (Scopus)


Direct cortical and subcortical stimulation has been claimed to be the gold standard for exploring brain function. In this field, efforts are now being made to move from intraoperative naming-assisted surgical resection towards the use of other language and cognitive tasks. However, before relying on new protocols and new techniques, we need a multi-staged system of evidence (low and high) relating to each step of functional mapping and its clinical validity. In this article we examine the possibilities and limits of brain mapping with the aid of a visual object naming task and various other tasks used to date. The methodological aspects of intraoperative brain mapping, as well as the clinical and operative settings, were discussed in Part I of this review.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)223-239
Number of pages17
JournalFunctional Neurology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes


  • Cognitive tasks
  • Eloquent areas
  • Language mapping
  • Subcortical tracts


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