Baseline quality of life predicts pelvic exenteration outcome

Ian Choy, Jane M. Young*, Tim Badgery-Parker, Lindy M. Masya, Heather L. Shepherd, Cherry Koh, Alexander G. Heriot, Michael J. Solomon

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Recurrent rectal cancer affects a significant group of patients with no current consensus on management. This study investigated patients' quality of life (QoL) in the 12 months after pelvic exenteration. Method: Prospective cohort study with clinical and QoL data collected at baseline and 1, 3, 6, 9 and 12 months. QoL trajectories were modelled over 12 months from date of discharge using linear mixed models. Results: Of 117 patients, 93 underwent pelvic exenteration surgery, 24 did not. Thirty-day mortality was nil for both groups. For patients who had surgery, 15 (16%) died within 12 months of surgery compared with nine (38%) of the non-surgery group. Baseline QoL scores were highly variable. The non-exenteration patients' QoL gradually declined over 12 months while exenteration patients declined then recovered. Patients with high baseline QoL scores remained high, and those with low baseline QoL remained low. Baseline QoL score, gender and bony resection were significant predictors of QoL score at 12 months. Conclusion: Baseline QoL is a significant, independent predictor of patients' QoL after pelvic exenteration for recurrent rectal cancer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)935-939
Number of pages5
JournalANZ Journal of Surgery
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2017
Externally publishedYes


  • pelvic exenteration
  • quality of life (QoL)
  • recurrent rectal cancer
  • surgery


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