Between 1968 and 1989, 160 patients underwent aortorenal bypass for renovascular hypertension. During the same interval, 13 patients had ex-vivo bench repair of complex renal arterial pathology. There were eight men and five women, with a mean age of 36 years. Twelve of the 13 patients had fibromuscular disease; one had atherosclerosis. Twelve patients had renovascular hypertension with complex stenotic disease beyond the main renal artery. Seven of these also had an associated renal aneurysm as did the sole normotensive patient. Saphenous vein patch or bypass were used to correct stenotic segments in four patients, while the remaining nine patients had excision of stenotic or aneurysmal segments with primary arterial anastomosis. There were no deaths in the series. One kidney was lost because of arterial thrombosis. One patient required reoperation to control postoperative bleeding. Nine of the 12 patients with renovascular hypertension were normotensive off medication, and three were improved, with reduced medication controlling their blood pressure. Ureteric obstruction occurred in two patients; this settled spontaneously in one patient and was corrected by reoperation in the other. From this experience, we conclude that bench repair is a safe and effective way to maximize salvage of kidneys affected by complex arterial pathology.
- Bench repair. See ex-vivo renal repair
- Ex-vivo renal repair
- renal arterial surgery
- Renovascular hypertension