Bi-photon spectral correlation measurements from a silicon nanowire in the quantum and classical regimes

Iman Jizan*, L. G. Helt, Chunle Xiong, Matthew J. Collins, Duk Yong Choi, Chang Joon Chae, Marco Liscidini, M. J. Steel, Benjamin J. Eggleton, Alex S. Clark

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)
32 Downloads (Pure)


The growing requirement for photon pairs with specific spectral correlations in quantum optics experiments has created a demand for fast, high resolution and accurate source characterisation. A promising tool for such characterisation uses classical stimulated processes, in which an additional seed laser stimulates photon generation yielding much higher count rates, as recently demonstrated for a χ(2) integrated source in A. Eckstein et al. Laser Photon. Rev. 8, L76 (2014). In this work we extend these results to χ(3) integrated sources, directly measuring for the first time the relation between spectral correlation measurements via stimulated and spontaneous four wave mixing in an integrated optical waveguide, a silicon nanowire. We directly confirm the speed-up due to higher count rates and demonstrate that this allows additional resolution to be gained when compared to traditional coincidence measurements without any increase in measurement time. As the pump pulse duration can influence the degree of spectral correlation, all of our measurements are taken for two different pump pulse widths. This allows us to confirm that the classical stimulated process correctly captures the degree of spectral correlation regardless of pump pulse duration, and cements its place as an essential characterisation method for the development of future quantum integrated devices.

Original languageEnglish
Article number12557
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
JournalScientific Reports
Publication statusPublished - 28 Jul 2015

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