Binding of NADP+ triggers an open-to-closed transition in a mycobacterial FabG β-ketoacyl-ACP reductase

Mickaël Blaise*, Niël Van Wyk, Françoise Banères-Roquet, Yann Guérardel, Laurent Kremer

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The ketoacyl-acyl carrier protein (ACP) reductase FabG catalyzes the NADPH/NADH dependent reduction of β-ketoacyl-ACP substrates to β-hydroxyacyl-ACP products, the first reductive step in the fatty acid biosynthesis elongation cycle. FabG proteins are ubiquitous in bacteria and are part of the type II fatty acid synthase system. Mining the Mycobacterium smegmatis genome uncovered several putative FabG-like proteins. Among them, we identified M. smegmatis MSMEG-6753 whose gene was found adjacent to MSMEG-6754, encoding a recently characterized enoyl-CoA dehydratase, and to MSMEG-6755, encoding another potential reductase. Recombinantly expressed and purified MSMEG-6753 exhibits ketoacyl reductase activity in the presence of acetoacetyl-CoA and NADPH. This activity was subsequently confirmed by functional complementation studies in a fabG thermosensitive Escherichia coli mutant. Furthermore, comparison of the apo and the NADP+-bound MSMEG-6753 crystal structures showed that cofactor binding induces a closed conformation of the protein. A ΔMSMEG-6753 deletion mutant could be generated in M. smegmatis, indicating that this gene is dispensable for mycobacterial growth. Overall, these results showcase the diversity of FabG-like proteins in mycobacteria and new structural features regarding the catalytic mechanism of this important family of enzymes that may be of importance for the rational design of specific FabG inhibitors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)907-921
Number of pages15
JournalBiochemical Journal
Volume474
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2017
Externally publishedYes

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