Bioecology and movements of bull sharks, Carcharhinus leucas, caught in a long-term longline survey off northeastern Brazil

Yuri V. Niella*, André S. Afonso, Fábio H. V. Hazin

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

A robust understanding of habitat usage by coastal shark species, and how it overlaps with human presence in densely-populated regions is needed to inform the development of efficient conservation strategies for these important top predators. An intensive longline survey conducted in nearshore waters off northeastern Brazil from 2004 through 2014 caught a total of 18 bull sharks (Carcharhinus leucas) (male-female ratio = 0.63:1), which can be dangerous to humans. Although most sharks were sexually mature, there was no evidence that this region could be used as a parturition or nursery area. Prey items identified in the guts of the sharks comprised teleosts, mollusks and elasmobranchs. Additionally, one satellite-tagged bull shark covered a great distance (> 3,000 km) in 75 days at liberty, making most use of shallow waters (<20 m depth) and presumably also entering an estuarine area. Although bull sharks are not an important fishery resource in this region, such a reduced abundance coupled with its affinity for coastal and inshore habitats highlights the potential vulnerability of C. leucas to deleterious anthropic interferences off northeastern Brazil.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere170106
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
JournalNeotropical Ichthyology
Volume15
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Drumline
  • Longline
  • Maturity status
  • Pop-up satellite archival tag
  • Recife

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