A respiratory-competent wild-type strain and a nuclear isogenic, mitochondrial DNA-less, petite mutant strain of Saccharomyces cerevisiae were grown under conditions of catabolite repression in batch cultures and under conditions of catabolite derepression in chemostat cultures. Subcellular fractions were isolated and the capacity of these fractions to incorporate sn-[2-3H]glycerol 3-phosphate into phospholipids was studied. Neither catabolite repression nor loss of mitochondrial DNA appreciably altered the total in vitro lipid synthesized by mitochondrial fractions during the incubation. Mitochondria isolated from catabolite-derepressed wild-type and petite cells had approximately the same specific activity in vitro for the synthesis of phosphatidylinositol. phosphatidic acid, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylserine, and neutral lipids. Mitochondria isolated from the petite cells retained the capacity to synthesize phosphatidylglycerol and diphosphatidylglycerol, although the synthesis of these phospholipids was far less extensive than that by the mitochondria isolated from the wild-type cells. In both cases, mitochondria prepared from catabolite-repressed cells synthesized a greater proportion of phosphatidylserine than did mitochondria from catabolite-derepressed cells. The proportions of phospholipid species synthesized in vitro by the microsomal fractions studied were not grossly affected by catabolite repression or loss of mitochondrial DNA.