Biogeographical patterns of liana abundance and diversity

Saara J. Dewalt*, Stefan A. Schnitzer, Luciana F. Alves, Frans Bongers, Robyn J. Burnham, Zhiquan Cai, Walter P. Carson, Jérôme Chave, George B. Chuyong, Flavia R C Costa, Corneille E N Ewango, Rachael V. Gallagher, Jeffrey J. Gerwing, Esteban Gortaire Amezcua, Terese Hart, Guillermo Ibarra-Manríquez, Kalan Ickes, David Kenfack, Susan G. Letcher, Manuel J. Macía & 16 others Jean Remy Makana, Agustina Malizia, Miguel Martínez-Ramos, Joseph Mascaro, Chellam Muthumperumal, S. Muthuramkumar, Anselmo Nogueira, Marc P E Parren, Narayanaswamy Parthasarathy, Diego R. Pérez-Salicrup, Francis E. Putz, Hugo G. Romero-Saltos, M. Sridhar Reddy, Moses Nsanyi Sainge, Duncan Thomas, Juliano Van Melis

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

37 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This chapter examines the pantropical patterns of liana abundance and species diversity and their correlates with climatic characteristics to gain insight into which processes are important for the distribution of tropical lianas. The analyses follow from the standard sampling protocol of liana diversity and abundance used by Alwyn Gentry in the 1980s and 1990s. The chapter examines how climatic conditions are associated with liana density and diversity, by analyzing old-growth continental forests at <1050m in elevation and with mean annual precipitation >850mm yr-1.To broaden the discussion of determinants of liana density and diversity beyond climatic factors, the authors comment on differences between temperate and tropical forests and between continental and island regions. The chapter focuses on sites in the Global Liana Database (GLD) from temperate forests in Australia, subtropical forest in Argentina, and an island in the Caribbean, and also reviews the available literature.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEcology of Lianas
EditorsStefan A. Schnitzer, Frans Bongers, Robyn J. Burnham, Francis E. Putz
Place of PublicationChichester, UK
PublisherJohn Wiley & Sons
Chapter11
Pages131-146
Number of pages16
ISBN (Electronic)9781118392409
ISBN (Print)9781118392492
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

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