The majority of biological data on Cryptosporidium has been collected from humans and domestic animal hosts which creates a bias in knowledge on the biodiversity and evolution of this parasite genus. Further to understanding Cryptosporidium biology are studies encompassing broad hosts that represent diverse taxa sampled across wide geographic ranges. Marsupials represent a group of wildlife hosts from which limited information on Cryptosporidium is available. As marsupial hosts are an ancient mammalian lineage they represent an important group for studying parasite evolution. This review summarises information of the biology, epidemiology and evolution of Cryptosporidium in marsupial hosts, and discusses the importance of further understanding interactions in this parasite-host system.