Biomarker signatures of Upper Cretaceous Latrobe Group petroleum source rocks, Gippsland Basin, Australia: distribution and geological significance of aromatic hydrocarbons

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Abstract

Aromatic hydrocarbons extracted from Upper Cretaceous (Maastrichtian and Campanian) Latrobe Group coaly shales and shales from the Gippsland Basin were investigated by gas chromatography–mass spectrometry. A variety of 2-ring to 6-ring aromatic hydrocarbons were identified, including both higher-plant-derived and combustion-derived polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). These aromatic compounds indicate that the Upper Cretaceous coaly shales and shales were deposited in a fluvial/deltaic environment with significant higher plant input and are at a relatively low thermal maturity stage. Higher plant parameters and angiosperm/gymnosperm indices based on aromatic components suggest that higher land plants, including both angiosperms and gymnosperms, were an important part of the palaeovegetation in the Upper Cretaceous. The aromatic angiosperm/gymnosperm index that includes chrysene- and picene-type PAHs is not as reliable for evaluation of relative angiosperm and gymnosperm contributions as the aliphatic indices due to input of combustion-derived PAHs and the complexity of burning conditions altering the relative contributions. However, combustion-derived PAHs and aromatic angiosperm/gymnosperm indices supplement the information from aliphatic hydrocarbons and provide further evidence to support the hypothesis that palaeoclimate cooled from the Campanian to the Maastrichtian.

LanguageEnglish
Article number103905
Pages1-20
Number of pages20
JournalOrganic Geochemistry
Volume138
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2019

Fingerprint

Aromatic Hydrocarbons
gymnosperm
Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons
Petroleum
Biomarkers
aromatic hydrocarbon
angiosperm
source rock
biomarker
Rocks
petroleum
Cretaceous
PAH
basin
combustion
Campanian
Maastrichtian
Aromatic compounds
Hydrocarbons
thermal maturity

Keywords

  • Gippsland Basin
  • Upper Cretaceous
  • Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons
  • Angiosperm/gymnosperm index
  • Source rock

Cite this

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title = "Biomarker signatures of Upper Cretaceous Latrobe Group petroleum source rocks, Gippsland Basin, Australia: distribution and geological significance of aromatic hydrocarbons",
abstract = "Aromatic hydrocarbons extracted from Upper Cretaceous (Maastrichtian and Campanian) Latrobe Group coaly shales and shales from the Gippsland Basin were investigated by gas chromatography–mass spectrometry. A variety of 2-ring to 6-ring aromatic hydrocarbons were identified, including both higher-plant-derived and combustion-derived polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). These aromatic compounds indicate that the Upper Cretaceous coaly shales and shales were deposited in a fluvial/deltaic environment with significant higher plant input and are at a relatively low thermal maturity stage. Higher plant parameters and angiosperm/gymnosperm indices based on aromatic components suggest that higher land plants, including both angiosperms and gymnosperms, were an important part of the palaeovegetation in the Upper Cretaceous. The aromatic angiosperm/gymnosperm index that includes chrysene- and picene-type PAHs is not as reliable for evaluation of relative angiosperm and gymnosperm contributions as the aliphatic indices due to input of combustion-derived PAHs and the complexity of burning conditions altering the relative contributions. However, combustion-derived PAHs and aromatic angiosperm/gymnosperm indices supplement the information from aliphatic hydrocarbons and provide further evidence to support the hypothesis that palaeoclimate cooled from the Campanian to the Maastrichtian.",
keywords = "Gippsland Basin, Upper Cretaceous, Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, Angiosperm/gymnosperm index, Source rock",
author = "Lian Jiang and George, {Simon C.}",
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