Biomechanical comparison of an all-inside meniscal repair device construct versus pullout sutures for arthroscopic transtibial repair of posterior medial meniscal root tears: a matched-pair cadaveric study

Christopher J. Vertullo, Joseph Cadman*, Danè Dabirrahmani, Richard Appleyard

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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Abstract

Background: Meniscus root repairs are important for restoring knee function after a complete meniscus root tear. Various suturing patterns have been proposed for the root repair. The 2-simple-stitches (TSS) method is currently the preferred technique, as it is simplest to perform and allows the least displacement of the meniscus root.

Purpose: To compare the biomechanical properties of a posterior medial meniscus transtibial root repair consisting of an all-inside meniscal repair device (AMRD) construct with the TSS pullout suture pattern.

Study Design: Controlled laboratory study.

Methods: Ten pairs of cadaveric medial menisci were prepared with 1 of the 2 constructs. The constructs were randomized between pairs. All constructs were subjected to preloading with 2 N for 10 seconds and then cyclic loading from 5 N to 20 N for 1000 cycles at a frequency of 0.5 Hz. Subsequently, the menisci were loaded to failure at a rate of 0.5 mm/s. All loads were applied in-line with the circumferential meniscal fibers near the posterior medial meniscal horn.

Results: The mean yield load and stiffness were similar for both constructs. The elongation after cyclic loading was greater for the AMRD. The displacement at both yield load and ultimate failure were also higher for the AMRD. The ultimate failure load of the AMRD was also significantly higher. During load to failure, the mode of failure in the AMRD was heterogeneous. All the TSS constructs failed by suture cutout.

Conclusion: Posterior medial meniscus root repairs using both the AMRD and TSS constructs have elongation under the biomechanically acceptable threshold of 3 mm. The stiffness and yield loads indicate similar mechanical properties of the constructs. However, the significantly higher elongation for the AMRD leaves the TSS method as the preferred option for transtibial repairs. Despite this, the AMRD construct may still represent a viable alternative to the TSS suture pattern, comparable to alternative suture patterns with similar limitations.

Clinical Relevance: The AMRD construct may represent a viable alternative to the TSS suture pattern.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-7
Number of pages7
JournalOrthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
Volume9
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2021

Bibliographical note

Copyright the Author(s) 2021. Version archived for private and non-commercial use with the permission of the author/s and according to publisher conditions. For further rights please contact the publisher.

Keywords

  • meniscus root tear
  • biomechanical testing
  • pullout suture
  • root repair
  • all-inside meniscal repair device

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