Biosynthesis of chlorophyll and bilins in algae

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Chlorophylls and bilins are tetrapyrrole pigments that are synthesized from the universal five carbon precursor aminolevulinic acid (ALA). All algae and cyanobacteria make chlorophylls, and they also appear to have the ability to make bilins. The primary use of chlorophylls and bilins are as light harvesting pigments in these organisms. Chlorophylls are present in the light harvesting complexes and reaction centres while bilins are pigment components of phycobilisomes. Phycobilisomes appear to be restricted to the cyanobacteria, glaucophytes, red algae and the secondary endosymbiotic ancestors of the red algae such as the cryptophytes. This chapter explores the diversity and biosynthesis of both bilins and chlorophylls which are used in light harvesting for photosynthesis in algae and cyanobacteria.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationPhotosynthesis in algae
Subtitle of host publicationbiochemical and physiological mechanisms
EditorsAnthony W. D. Larkum, Arthur R. Grossman, John A. Raven
Place of PublicationCham, Switzerland
PublisherSpringer, Springer Nature
Number of pages21
ISBN (Electronic)9783030333973
ISBN (Print)9783030333966
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Publication series

NameAdvances in Photosynthesis and Respiration (including Bioenergy and Related Processes)
ISSN (Print)1572-0233
ISSN (Electronic)2215-0102

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