Blended synchronous learning: patterns and principles for simultaneously engaging co-located and distributed learners

Matt Bower, Jacqueline Kenney, Barney Dalgarno, Mark J W Lee, Gregor E. Kennedy

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference proceeding contributionResearchpeer-review

Abstract

This paper presents seven blended synchronous learning designs and articulates principles for implementation as espoused by the teachers who enacted them. Blended synchronous learning approaches use media-rich synchronous technologies to enable remote and face-to-face students to co-participate in the same live classes. A wide range of technologies (video conferencing, web conferencing, virtual worlds), tasks (collaborative evaluation, group questioning, class discussion, problem solving, collaborative design) and levels of student interaction (from lightweight to tightly coupled) were present within the blended synchronous learning designs. The main issues that teachers confronted when teaching blended synchronous lessons were communication issues and issues related to cognitive overload caused by split attention. Key pedagogical principles for enactment as identified by the lead teachers included the need for extensive preparation, clear instructions, composure, flexibility, advance preparation of students and savvy utilisation of support staff. These findings represent initial results from an Office of Learning and Teaching project entitled ‘Blended synchronicity: Uniting on-campus and distributed learners using media-rich real-time collaboration tools’ (further details available at http://www.blendsync.org/).

LanguageEnglish
Title of host publicationElectric Dreams
Subtitle of host publication30th Ascilite Conference 2013 Proceedings
EditorsH. Carter, M. Gosper, J. Hedberg
Place of PublicationNorth Ryde, NSW
PublisherMacquarie University
Pages92-102
Number of pages11
ISBN (Electronic)9781741384031
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Event30th Annual conference on Australian Society for Computers in Learning in Tertiary Education, ASCILITE 2013 - Sydney, Australia
Duration: 1 Dec 20134 Dec 2013

Other

Other30th Annual conference on Australian Society for Computers in Learning in Tertiary Education, ASCILITE 2013
CountryAustralia
CitySydney
Period1/12/134/12/13

Fingerprint

Blended Learning
Students
Teaching
teacher
Video conferencing
student
flexibility
video
utilization
instruction
staff
communication
Communication
interaction
evaluation
learning
Group

Bibliographical note

Copyright the Author(s) 2013. Version archived for private and non-commercial use with the permission of the author/s and according to publisher conditions. For further rights please contact the publisher.

Cite this

Bower, M., Kenney, J., Dalgarno, B., Lee, M. J. W., & Kennedy, G. E. (2013). Blended synchronous learning: patterns and principles for simultaneously engaging co-located and distributed learners. In H. Carter, M. Gosper, & J. Hedberg (Eds.), Electric Dreams: 30th Ascilite Conference 2013 Proceedings (pp. 92-102). North Ryde, NSW: Macquarie University.
Bower, Matt ; Kenney, Jacqueline ; Dalgarno, Barney ; Lee, Mark J W ; Kennedy, Gregor E. / Blended synchronous learning : patterns and principles for simultaneously engaging co-located and distributed learners. Electric Dreams: 30th Ascilite Conference 2013 Proceedings. editor / H. Carter ; M. Gosper ; J. Hedberg. North Ryde, NSW : Macquarie University, 2013. pp. 92-102
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Bower, M, Kenney, J, Dalgarno, B, Lee, MJW & Kennedy, GE 2013, Blended synchronous learning: patterns and principles for simultaneously engaging co-located and distributed learners. in H Carter, M Gosper & J Hedberg (eds), Electric Dreams: 30th Ascilite Conference 2013 Proceedings. Macquarie University, North Ryde, NSW, pp. 92-102, 30th Annual conference on Australian Society for Computers in Learning in Tertiary Education, ASCILITE 2013, Sydney, Australia, 1/12/13.

Blended synchronous learning : patterns and principles for simultaneously engaging co-located and distributed learners. / Bower, Matt; Kenney, Jacqueline; Dalgarno, Barney; Lee, Mark J W; Kennedy, Gregor E.

Electric Dreams: 30th Ascilite Conference 2013 Proceedings. ed. / H. Carter; M. Gosper; J. Hedberg. North Ryde, NSW : Macquarie University, 2013. p. 92-102.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference proceeding contributionResearchpeer-review

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Bower M, Kenney J, Dalgarno B, Lee MJW, Kennedy GE. Blended synchronous learning: patterns and principles for simultaneously engaging co-located and distributed learners. In Carter H, Gosper M, Hedberg J, editors, Electric Dreams: 30th Ascilite Conference 2013 Proceedings. North Ryde, NSW: Macquarie University. 2013. p. 92-102