Both Ox1R and Ox2R orexin receptors contribute to the cardiorespiratory response evoked from the perifornical hypothalamus

Mirza I. Beig, Jouji Horiuchi, Roger A. L. Dampney, Pascal Carrive*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Orexin/hypocretin neurons are located in and around the perifornical hypothalamus. Disinhibition of this area in the anaesthetized preparation evokes cardiorespiratory changes that can be reduced to nearly half or more by systemic Almorexant, a dual receptor antagonist of the two known orexin receptors, Ox1R and Ox2R. It is not clear if these reductions result from the blockade of one receptor or both. To determine the contribution of the two receptors, we compared the effects of Almorexant to those of the selective Ox1R antagonist ACT335827 and the selective Ox2R antagonists EMPA and TCS-OX2-29. Bicuculline (20 pmol) was injected in the perifornical hypothalamus of urethane-anaesthetized rats before and after administration of the drugs (all 15 mg/kg, intravenously). The pressor, tachycardic and tachypneic responses to bicuculline were attenuated/reduced by ACT335827 (by 19%, ns; 10%, ns and 24%, P < 0.01, respectively), EMPA (by 35% P < 0.01; 6%, ns; and 26% P < 0.05) and TCS-OX2-29 (by 13%, ns; 10%, ns and 42%, P < 0.001). These reductions represented only a fraction of the reduction after Almorexant (by 43%, P < 0.001; 42%, P < 0.001 and 65% P < 0.001). However, when the selective Ox1R and Ox2R antagonists were given in combination, the reductions were greater and closer to those of Almorexant (ACT335827 + EMPA, by 26%, P < 0.05; 24%, P < 0.05 and 47%, P < 0.001; ACT335827 + TCS-OX2-29, by 40%, P < 0.01; 26%, P < 0.001 and 59%, P < 0.0001). This was particularly clear with the tachypneic response. These results suggest that both orexin receptors contribute to the cardiorespiratory response evoked from the hypothalamus under anaesthesia. They are consistent with our previous study in the conscious animal. Copyright

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1059-1067
Number of pages9
JournalClinical and Experimental Pharmacology and Physiology
Volume42
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • DORA
  • Blood pressure
  • Heart rate
  • Hypertension
  • Hypocretin
  • Hypothalamus
  • Orexin
  • Respiratory rate
  • SORA

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