Brackish water desalination by a hybrid forward osmosis-nanofiltration system using divalent draw solute

Shuaifei Zhao, Linda Zou*, Dennis Mulcahy

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

161 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In the last decade osmotically driven membrane processes have attracted growing interest in wastewater treatment, desalination and power generation. A hybrid forward osmosis-nanofiltration (FO-NF) system designed for brackish water desalination was systematically investigated in this study. The hybrid FO-NF process was also compared with a stand-alone reverse osmosis (RO) process in brackish water desalination. It is found that the hybrid FO-NF process has many advantages over the stand-alone RO process in brackish water desalination, such as lower hydraulic pressure, less flux decline caused by membrane fouling and higher flux recovery after cleaning. Other benefits like no pre-treatment requirement, higher permeate quality and no need for chemical cleaning in brackish water desalination can also be achieved by the hybrid FO-NF system. Therefore, the proposed FO-NF system using a divalent draw solute (e.g. Na 2SO 4 or MgSO 4) can be a useful alternative to stand-alone RO processes in brackish water desalination.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)175-181
Number of pages7
JournalDesalination
Volume284
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 4 Jan 2012
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Brackish water
  • Desalination
  • Forward osmosis
  • Membrane fouling
  • Nanofiltration

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