Brand and consumer engagement behaviors on Facebook brand pages: Let's have a (positive) conversation

Chedia Dhaoui*, Cynthia M. Webster

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

57 Citations (Scopus)


This paper examines consumer-brand engagement on social media, focusing on the dynamic interplay between brands and consumers as well as among consumers themselves. In addition to liking and sharing behaviors, we look at what influences consumers to provide feedback to brands by commenting on brand posts, connect with other consumers by replying to their comments and agree with other consumers by liking their comments and replies. Drawing on a large longitudinal dataset from 2740 Facebook brand pages across 25 industries, a multilevel multivariate autoregressive zero-inflated negative binomial model is used to examine how brand post and response behaviors are related to specific consumer engagement behaviors. Results show that the amount of brand posts indirectly affects consumer comments through increased liking and sharing, but with diminishing returns. Liking is key as it increases positive and attenuates negative feedback, whereas sharing is associated with both positive and negative consumer-brand comments. Posting photos and videos encourages liking, with photos having increasing returns. Videos are the only format with a direct positive influence on consumer-brand comments, though with decreasing effect. Brand replies to consumer comments, even delayed ones, have little effect on negative conversations but prompt replies would be more beneficial as they bolster positive consumer comments. Moreover, our findings provide evidence for both a “positivity spiral” and “negativity spiral”, with the negativity spiral stronger than the positivity one. Taken together, these findings shed light on how marketers can stimulate positive conversations between brands and consumers on social media.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)155-175
Number of pages21
JournalInternational Journal of Research in Marketing
Issue number1
Early online date8 Aug 2020
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2021


  • Consumer brand engagement
  • Facebook brand pages
  • Social media marketing


Dive into the research topics of 'Brand and consumer engagement behaviors on Facebook brand pages: Let's have a (positive) conversation'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this