Bright alloy type-II quantum dots and their application to light-emitting diodes

Xiao Jin, Haiyang Li, Shujuan Huang*, Xiaobing Gu, Huaibin Shen, Danyang Li, Xugu Zhang, Qin Zhang, Feng Li, Qinghua Li

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Type-II quantum dots (QDs) are emerging as a promising candidate for full color light sources owing to their advantages in achieving full color light by tuning the heterostructures. Despite the recent developments in type-II QDs, the choices of proper materials are limited for the composition of a high-quality QD and it still remains a big challenge to enhance the photoluminescence (PL) quantum yields (QYs) of type-II QDs for light-emitting diode (LED) applications. Here, we develop CdxZn1−xS/ZnSe/ZnS type-II QDs with a maximum quantum yield as high as 88.5%. Time-resolved PL results show that the ZnS shell suppresses non-radiative pathways by passivating the surface of CdxZn1−xS/ZnSe, thus leading to a high QY. Moreover, our results demonstrate that the outer ZnS also benefits the charge injection and radiative recombinations of the CdxZn1−xS/ZnSe. The LED based on green Cd0.2Zn0.8S/ZnSe/ZnS QDs achieves a current efficiency (CE) of 9.17 cd A−1, an external quantum efficiency (EQE) of 8.78% and a low turn-on voltage of ∼2.3 V.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)376-383
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Colloid and Interface Science
Volume510
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jan 2018
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Light-emitting diodes
  • Quantum dots
  • Type II
  • Quantum yields

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