BTrack: using barometer for energy efficient location tracking on mountain roads

Haibo Ye*, Wenhua Yang, Yunyu Yao, Tao Gu, Zhiqiu Huang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)
13 Downloads (Pure)


This paper presents the design and implementation of BTrack, a new approach for location tracking on mountain roads. It is as accurate as the GPS on common smartphones, but costs much less energy. To design such a location system, we carried out a nation-wide online survey to confirm the desirability for low power location tracking system, and the result is positive. Then, we proposed BTrack, and it makes two key technical contributions. The first is to propose a dynamic transition matrix hidden Markov model to combine the barometer and accelerometer reading hints for estimating the location of the user. The second is to design some novel techniques for parameter estimation, and proposed an adaptive algorithm to reduce the computational complexity. The field studies show that the accuracy of BTrack is no worse than GPS in 56% cases, meanwhile, the energy consumption is only about 30%. Compared with the existing works, BTrack is more suitable for location tracking on mountain roads.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)66998-67009
Number of pages12
JournalIEEE Access
Publication statusPublished - 2 Nov 2018
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Version archived for private and non-commercial use with the permission of the author/s and according to publisher conditions. For further rights please contact the publisher.


  • Location tracking
  • barometer
  • smartphone sensors


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