Objective: This paper is based on a case report, describing a protocol to help practitioners communicate mental-health diagnosis to patients from culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) backgrounds. The protocol was presented by integrating the DSM-5 Cultural Formulation Interview (CFI) and the SPIKES protocol for communicating the diagnosis of cancer, yielding a modified CFI-SPIKES protocol (i.e. S, Support; P, Perception using CFI; I, Invitation; K, Knowledge; E, Emotions). The protocol was demonstrated using a case report with a patient of a Middle-Eastern background experiencing generalised anxiety disorder. Conclusions: The CFI-SPIKES protocol for communicating mental-health diagnosis allows for a collaborative process, whereby the CALD patient and practitioner can address the stigma associated with communicating a mental-health diagnosis, ensuring patient engagement and informed shared decision making.
- mental health