## Abstract

The logistic sigmoid function curve provides an accurate description of the baroreflex input-output relationship and is the most commonly used equation for this purpose. The threshold (Thr) and saturation (Sat) values for the baroreflex are commonly defined as the values of mean arterial pressure (MAP) at which the reflexly controlled variable (e.g., heart rate or sympathetic nerve activity) is within 5% of the upper or lower plateau, respectively, of the sigmoid function. These values are referred to here as Thr_{5%} and Sat_{5%}. In many studies, Thr and Sat are calculated with the equations Thr = A_{3} - 2.0/A_{2} and Sat = A_{3} + 2.0/A _{2}, where A3 is the value of MAP at the point where the reflexly controlled variable is at the midpoint of its range and A_{2} is the gain coefficient. Although it is commonly stated that the values of Thr and Sat calculated with these equations represent Thr_{5%} and Sat_{5%}, we show here that instead they are significantly greater and less than Thr _{5%} and Sat_{5%}, respectively. Furthermore, the operating range (difference between Thr and Sat) calculated with these equations is 32% less than the difference between Thr_{5%} and Sat_{5%}. We further show that the equations that provide correct values of Thr_{5%} and Sat_{5%} are Thr_{5%} = A_{3} - 2.944/A_{2} and Sat_{5%} = A_{3} + 2.944/A_{2}. We propose that these be used as the standard equations for calculating threshold and saturation values when a logistic sigmoid function is used to model the open-loop baroreflex function curve.

Original language | English |
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Pages (from-to) | H2003–H2007 |

Number of pages | 5 |

Journal | American Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology |

Volume | 291 |

Issue number | 4 |

DOIs | |

Publication status | Published - 2006 |

Externally published | Yes |

## Keywords

- Baroreflex operating range
- Input-output relationship
- Mathematical modeling
- Regression analysis