Can genetic diversity be maintained across multiple mass selection lines of Sydney rock oyster, Saccostrea glomerata despite loss within each?

Vu Van In, Wayne O'Connor, Michael Dove, Wayne Knibb*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study assesses the genetic diversity of four different hatchery bred lines of Sydney rock oyster, Saccosstrea glomerata (SRO) after three, five and seven generations of mass selection using microsatellite DNA markers and mitochondrial cytochrome C oxidase subunit 1 sequences (COX1). This was achieved using seven newly developed microsatellite markers, along with three published loci. Considering the same number of samples in each line, the number of different alleles in each of the four hatchery lines ranged from 49 to 70 alleles from 10 loci, which was approximate 50% less than the 120 alleles found in the samples from the wild population. However, if we pool all our four hatchery lines together, then their total number of alleles was not significantly different from the wild population. Similar to the patterns found for the DNA microsatellite alleles, mtDNA haplotype numbers were considerably lower in each of the hatchery lines than in the samples from the wild population. Again, pooling the hatchery lines gave a total haplotype number not statistically significantly different from that in the samples from the wild. Considering together the DNA microsatellite alleles and the mtDNA haplotypes, we conclude that there was a substantial loss of genetic diversity within all lines separately over generations of mass selection, and that such mass selection was not sustainable in the long term. However, importantly, these data indicate that for oysters, if multiple independent mass selection lines are kept, then their combined genetic diversity may approach that of the ancestral line or wild population even after many generations of mass selection. These results for oysters, finding preservation of diversity among lines yet loss within them, are similar to recent findings for multiple banana shrimp lines; considering both species together it suggests that one relatively simple option suitable for some farms and industry to maintain genetic diversity during mass selection over many generations of selection is to subdivide their breeding nucleus and keep multiple different and independent lines over generations. It remains to be tested if this approach is general across many aquaculture species and circumstances. Statement of relevance: This paper attempts to falsify the published hypothesis set out by Knibb et al., 2014 that "the use of multiple lines under some circumstances may be a hedge against loss of diversity" using a second independent example, namely Sydney rock oysters. The data of this paper do not refute the generality of the above hypothesis of Knibb et al., 2014 that splitting mass selection lines into multiple sublines preserves genetic variation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)210-216
Number of pages7
JournalAquaculture
Volume454
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Allelic diversity
  • COX1
  • Haplotype
  • Mass selection
  • Microsatellite
  • SRO
  • Sydney rock oyster

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