Can personality close the intention-behavior gap for healthy eating? An examination with the HEXACO personality traits

Lauren A. Monds, Carolyn MacCann, Barbara A. Mullan*, Cara Wong, Jemma Todd, Richard D. Roberts

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The aim of this study was to investigate the predictive and moderating effects of HEXACO personality factors, in addition to theory of planned behavior (TPB) variables, on fruit and vegetable consumption. American college students (N = 1036) from 24 institutions were administered the TPB, HEXACO and a self-reported fruit and vegetable consumption measure. The TPB predicted 11–17% of variance in fruit and vegetable consumption, with greater variance accounted for in healthy weight compared to overweight individuals. Personality did not significantly improve the prediction of behavior above TPB constructs; however, conscientiousness was a significant incremental predictor of intention in both healthy weight and overweight/obese groups. While support was found for the TPB as an important predictor of fruit and vegetable consumption in students, little support was found for personality factors. Such findings have implications for interventions designed to target students at risk of chronic disease.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)845-855
Number of pages11
JournalPsychology, Health and Medicine
Volume21
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2 Oct 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • fruit and vegetables
  • healthy eating
  • HEXACO
  • overweight
  • Personality
  • theory of planned behavior

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