Can SIA empower communities?

Christiane Gagnon*, Philip Hirsch, Richard Howitt

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

43 Citations (Scopus)


Public participation in social impact assessment (SIA) has been identified as a source of improved decision-making about resource development in several countries, with an implicit assumption that this sort of participation provides an avenue for empowerment of affected communities in these decision-making processes. This paper provides a critical discussion of the effectiveness of SIA as a means of local empowerment through case studies of resource projects in Australia, Canada, and Southeast Asia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)229-253
Number of pages25
JournalEnvironmental Impact Assessment Review
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1993
Externally publishedYes


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