Can steering wheel detect your driving fatigue?

Jianchao Lu, Xi Zheng, Lihong Tang, Tianyi Zhang, Quan Z. Sheng, Chen Wang, Jiong Jin, Shui Yu, Wanlei Zhou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)


Automated Driving System (ADS) has attracted increasing attention but the state-of-the-art ADS largely on vehicle driving parameters and facial features, which lacks reliability. Approaches using physiological based sensors (e.g., electroencephalogram or electrocardiogram) are either too clumsy to wear or impractical to install. In this paper, we propose a novel driver fatigue detection method by embedding surface electromyography (sEMG) sensors on a steering wheel. Compared with existing methods, our approach is able to collect bio-signals in a non-intrusive way and detect driver fatigue at an earlier stage. The experimental results show that our approach outperforms existing methods with the weighted average F1 of about 90%. We also propose promising future directions to deploy this approach in real-life settings, such as applying multimodal learning using several supplementary sensors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5537-5550
Number of pages14
JournalIEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2021


  • Fatigue
  • Road accidents
  • EMG measurement
  • Vehicle driving
  • Feature generation
  • Biomedical monitoring
  • Vehicle safety
  • Steering wheel
  • Human vehicle interaction


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