Can we quantify trust? Towards a trust-based resilient SIoT network

Subhash Sagar*, Adnan Mahmood, Quan Z. Sheng, Munazza Zaib, Farhan Sufyan

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The emerging yet promising paradigm of the Social Internet of Things (SIoT) integrates the notion of the Internet of Things with human social networks. In SIoT, objects, i.e., things, have the capability to socialize with the other objects in the SIoT network and can establish their social network autonomously by modeling human behaviour. The notion of trust is imperative in realizing these characteristics of socialization in order to assess the reliability of autonomous collaboration. The perception of trust is evolving in the era of SIoT as an extension to traditional security triads in an attempt to offer secure and reliable services, and is considered as an imperative aspect of any SIoT system for minimizing the probable risk of autonomous decision-making. This research investigates the idea of trust quantification by employing trust measurement in terms of direct trust, indirect trust as a recommendation, and the degree of the SIoT relationships in terms of social similarities (community-of-interest, friendship, and co-work relationships). A weighted sum approach is subsequently employed to synthesize all the trust features in order to ascertain a single trust score. The experimental evaluation demonstrates the effectiveness of the proposed model in segregating the trustworthy and the untrustworthy objects, and illustrates the superior performance of the proposed trust model over state-of-the-art trust models.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)557-577
Number of pages21
Issue number2
Early online date18 Nov 2023
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2024


  • Trust quantification
  • Community-of-Interest
  • Friendship
  • Co-work relationships
  • Social Internet of Things


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