Cardiovascular disease risk factors profile among Australian vegetarian and nonvegetarian teenagers

Ross Grant, Roman Pawlak, Paul Vos, Ayse A. Bilgin, Jade Berg, Robyn Pearce, Margaret Morris

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Atherosclerosis develops over a long period of time and often begins in childhood. The goal of this study was to make a cross-sectional assessment of the pattern of cardiovascular disease risk factors among Australian vegetarian (n = 49) and nonvegetarian (n = 639) 14- to 17-year-old participants from New South Wales, Australia. Vegetarians had statistically significant lower mean total (4.05 vs 4.4 mmol/L;P <.001) and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol (2.18 vs 2.55 mmol/L; P <.001) and lower incidence of abnormal total and LDL cholesterol (31.1% vs 46.2%, P =.036, having total cholesterol ≥4.4 mmol/L and 13.3% vs 29.6%, P =.021, having LDL cholesterol ≥2.84 mmol/L). Vegetarians had a higher diastolic BP (72.0 vs 69.7 mm Hg; P =.038). No statistically significant difference was found in other risk factors including high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (P =.83), triglycerides (P =.601), systolic blood pressure (P =.727), body mass index (P =.159), plasma glucose (P =.09), C-reactive protein (P =.527), or homocysteine (P =.45). The prevalence rate with 3 or more risk factors was 12.2% among vegetarians and 13.9% among nonvegetarians (P =.156). The high percentage of abnormal total cholesterol in both diet groups and, in addition, LDL cholesterol in nonvegetarians is a cause of concern and underlines the need for lifestyle change.

LanguageEnglish
JournalAmerican Journal of Lifestyle Medicine
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 15 Feb 2019

Fingerprint

LDL Cholesterol
Cardiovascular Diseases
Cholesterol
Blood Pressure
South Australia
New South Wales
Homocysteine
C-Reactive Protein
HDL Cholesterol
Life Style
Atherosclerosis
Triglycerides
Body Mass Index
Diet
Glucose
Vegetarians
Incidence

Keywords

  • adolescents
  • cardiovascular disease
  • risk factors
  • vegetarians

Cite this

Grant, Ross ; Pawlak, Roman ; Vos, Paul ; Bilgin, Ayse A. ; Berg, Jade ; Pearce, Robyn ; Morris, Margaret. / Cardiovascular disease risk factors profile among Australian vegetarian and nonvegetarian teenagers. In: American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine. 2019.
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abstract = "Atherosclerosis develops over a long period of time and often begins in childhood. The goal of this study was to make a cross-sectional assessment of the pattern of cardiovascular disease risk factors among Australian vegetarian (n = 49) and nonvegetarian (n = 639) 14- to 17-year-old participants from New South Wales, Australia. Vegetarians had statistically significant lower mean total (4.05 vs 4.4 mmol/L;P <.001) and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol (2.18 vs 2.55 mmol/L; P <.001) and lower incidence of abnormal total and LDL cholesterol (31.1{\%} vs 46.2{\%}, P =.036, having total cholesterol ≥4.4 mmol/L and 13.3{\%} vs 29.6{\%}, P =.021, having LDL cholesterol ≥2.84 mmol/L). Vegetarians had a higher diastolic BP (72.0 vs 69.7 mm Hg; P =.038). No statistically significant difference was found in other risk factors including high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (P =.83), triglycerides (P =.601), systolic blood pressure (P =.727), body mass index (P =.159), plasma glucose (P =.09), C-reactive protein (P =.527), or homocysteine (P =.45). The prevalence rate with 3 or more risk factors was 12.2{\%} among vegetarians and 13.9{\%} among nonvegetarians (P =.156). The high percentage of abnormal total cholesterol in both diet groups and, in addition, LDL cholesterol in nonvegetarians is a cause of concern and underlines the need for lifestyle change.",
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Cardiovascular disease risk factors profile among Australian vegetarian and nonvegetarian teenagers. / Grant, Ross; Pawlak, Roman; Vos, Paul; Bilgin, Ayse A.; Berg, Jade; Pearce, Robyn; Morris, Margaret.

In: American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine, 15.02.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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T1 - Cardiovascular disease risk factors profile among Australian vegetarian and nonvegetarian teenagers

AU - Grant, Ross

AU - Pawlak, Roman

AU - Vos, Paul

AU - Bilgin, Ayse A.

AU - Berg, Jade

AU - Pearce, Robyn

AU - Morris, Margaret

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AB - Atherosclerosis develops over a long period of time and often begins in childhood. The goal of this study was to make a cross-sectional assessment of the pattern of cardiovascular disease risk factors among Australian vegetarian (n = 49) and nonvegetarian (n = 639) 14- to 17-year-old participants from New South Wales, Australia. Vegetarians had statistically significant lower mean total (4.05 vs 4.4 mmol/L;P <.001) and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol (2.18 vs 2.55 mmol/L; P <.001) and lower incidence of abnormal total and LDL cholesterol (31.1% vs 46.2%, P =.036, having total cholesterol ≥4.4 mmol/L and 13.3% vs 29.6%, P =.021, having LDL cholesterol ≥2.84 mmol/L). Vegetarians had a higher diastolic BP (72.0 vs 69.7 mm Hg; P =.038). No statistically significant difference was found in other risk factors including high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (P =.83), triglycerides (P =.601), systolic blood pressure (P =.727), body mass index (P =.159), plasma glucose (P =.09), C-reactive protein (P =.527), or homocysteine (P =.45). The prevalence rate with 3 or more risk factors was 12.2% among vegetarians and 13.9% among nonvegetarians (P =.156). The high percentage of abnormal total cholesterol in both diet groups and, in addition, LDL cholesterol in nonvegetarians is a cause of concern and underlines the need for lifestyle change.

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