Career optimism: the roles of contextual support and career decision-making self-efficacy

Patrick Raymund James M. Garcia*, Simon Lloyd D. Restubog, Prashant Bordia, Sarbari Bordia, Rachel Edita O. Roxas

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

85 Citations (Scopus)


Drawing from the social cognitive theory (Bandura, 1986), we examined the role of parental support, teacher support, and career decision-making self-efficacy as sources of career optimism. We tested our proposed model using 235 computer science majors from a large university in the Philippines. Surveys were conducted over two measurement periods (1. year apart). Results revealed that Time 1 parental and teacher support were positively associated with Time 2 career optimism. Furthermore, we found that these direct relationships were fully mediated by Time 1 career decision-making self-efficacy. These results remained significant even after controlling for neuroticism and past performance. Theoretical and practical implications are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10-18
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Vocational Behavior
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2015
Externally publishedYes


  • career decision-making self-efficacy
  • career optimism
  • parental support
  • social cognitive theory
  • teacher support


Dive into the research topics of 'Career optimism: the roles of contextual support and career decision-making self-efficacy'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this