We demonstrate highly selective and sensitive potentiometric ion sensors for calcium ion detection, operated without the use of a reference electrode. The sensors consist of AlGaN/GaN heterostructure-based transistor devices with chemical functionalisation of the gate area using poly (vinylchloride)-based (PVC) membranes having high selectivity towards calcium ions, Ca2+. The sensors exhibited stable and rapid responses when introduced to various concentrations of Ca2+. In both 0.01 M KCl and 0.01 M NaCl ionic strength buffer solutions, the sensors exhibited near Nernstian responses with detection limits of less than 10-7 M, and a linear response range between 10-7-10-2 M. Also, detection limits of less than 10-6 M were achieved for the sensors in both 0.01 M MgCl2 and 0.01 M LiCl buffer solutions. AlGaN/GaN-based devices for Ca2+ detection demonstrate excellent selectivity and response range for a wide variety of applications. This work represents an important step towards multi-ion sensing using arrays of ion-selective field effect transistor (ISFET) devices.
- Calcium detection
- Chemical sensor
- Ion selective field effect transistor