Catching-up of technological innovation capabilities: the solar photovoltaic industries in Taiwan, China, and Korea

Ching-Yan Wu, John A. Mathews

Research output: Contribution to conferenceAbstractResearch

Abstract

In this paper we investigate the technological innovation capabilities of the three Asian latecomer- namely Taiwan, China, and Korea- in the emergent solar photovoltaic industry. The solar photo voltaic industry is of particular interest in that it is poised between exploitation of first generation (crystalline silicon technologies) and new thin film and organic compound technologies, thus providing distinct sources of technological innovation capability as measured by technology portfolios. For this study, we deploy a new dataset of 75,540 solar photovoltaic patents taken out by Taiwan, Korea and China over the period of 31 years (1978 - 2008) and analyse the technological innovation capabilities revealed in these patents using a set of four technology platforms that we constructed. We demonstrate the patent portfolios of the three latecomer and explore what extent have the Chinese, Korean and Taiwanese followers developed their technological innovation capabilities so as to surpass the US, German, and Japan and acquire leading production positions since 2008; and how the variations of technological innovation capabilities among the major producers influence their business activities in the global solar PV industry. Our results show the various strategies adopted by Taiwan, China, and Korea to develop their solar PV industries, reflect their different national innovation systems involved, and response to the current trends of technology development in the global solar PV industry.

Conference

ConferenceInternational Conference on Management of Technology (21st : 2012)
CityHsinchu, Taiwan
Period18/03/1222/03/12

Fingerprint

Technological innovation
Catching-up
Taiwan
China
Korea
Innovation capability
Industry
Patents
Business activity
Japan
Follower
Asia
Patent portfolio
National innovation system
Technology development
Exploitation

Keywords

  • patent
  • solar photovoltaic (PV)
  • innovation capability
  • technology platform
  • catch-up
  • East Asia

Cite this

Wu, C-Y., & Mathews, J. A. (2012). Catching-up of technological innovation capabilities: the solar photovoltaic industries in Taiwan, China, and Korea. i-ii. Abstract from International Conference on Management of Technology (21st : 2012), Hsinchu, Taiwan, .
Wu, Ching-Yan ; Mathews, John A. / Catching-up of technological innovation capabilities : the solar photovoltaic industries in Taiwan, China, and Korea. Abstract from International Conference on Management of Technology (21st : 2012), Hsinchu, Taiwan, .2 p.
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Wu, C-Y & Mathews, JA 2012, 'Catching-up of technological innovation capabilities: the solar photovoltaic industries in Taiwan, China, and Korea' International Conference on Management of Technology (21st : 2012), Hsinchu, Taiwan, 18/03/12 - 22/03/12, pp. i-ii.

Catching-up of technological innovation capabilities : the solar photovoltaic industries in Taiwan, China, and Korea. / Wu, Ching-Yan; Mathews, John A.

2012. i-ii Abstract from International Conference on Management of Technology (21st : 2012), Hsinchu, Taiwan, .

Research output: Contribution to conferenceAbstractResearch

TY - CONF

T1 - Catching-up of technological innovation capabilities

T2 - the solar photovoltaic industries in Taiwan, China, and Korea

AU - Wu, Ching-Yan

AU - Mathews, John A.

PY - 2012

Y1 - 2012

N2 - In this paper we investigate the technological innovation capabilities of the three Asian latecomer- namely Taiwan, China, and Korea- in the emergent solar photovoltaic industry. The solar photo voltaic industry is of particular interest in that it is poised between exploitation of first generation (crystalline silicon technologies) and new thin film and organic compound technologies, thus providing distinct sources of technological innovation capability as measured by technology portfolios. For this study, we deploy a new dataset of 75,540 solar photovoltaic patents taken out by Taiwan, Korea and China over the period of 31 years (1978 - 2008) and analyse the technological innovation capabilities revealed in these patents using a set of four technology platforms that we constructed. We demonstrate the patent portfolios of the three latecomer and explore what extent have the Chinese, Korean and Taiwanese followers developed their technological innovation capabilities so as to surpass the US, German, and Japan and acquire leading production positions since 2008; and how the variations of technological innovation capabilities among the major producers influence their business activities in the global solar PV industry. Our results show the various strategies adopted by Taiwan, China, and Korea to develop their solar PV industries, reflect their different national innovation systems involved, and response to the current trends of technology development in the global solar PV industry.

AB - In this paper we investigate the technological innovation capabilities of the three Asian latecomer- namely Taiwan, China, and Korea- in the emergent solar photovoltaic industry. The solar photo voltaic industry is of particular interest in that it is poised between exploitation of first generation (crystalline silicon technologies) and new thin film and organic compound technologies, thus providing distinct sources of technological innovation capability as measured by technology portfolios. For this study, we deploy a new dataset of 75,540 solar photovoltaic patents taken out by Taiwan, Korea and China over the period of 31 years (1978 - 2008) and analyse the technological innovation capabilities revealed in these patents using a set of four technology platforms that we constructed. We demonstrate the patent portfolios of the three latecomer and explore what extent have the Chinese, Korean and Taiwanese followers developed their technological innovation capabilities so as to surpass the US, German, and Japan and acquire leading production positions since 2008; and how the variations of technological innovation capabilities among the major producers influence their business activities in the global solar PV industry. Our results show the various strategies adopted by Taiwan, China, and Korea to develop their solar PV industries, reflect their different national innovation systems involved, and response to the current trends of technology development in the global solar PV industry.

KW - patent

KW - solar photovoltaic (PV)

KW - innovation capability

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M3 - Abstract

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Wu C-Y, Mathews JA. Catching-up of technological innovation capabilities: the solar photovoltaic industries in Taiwan, China, and Korea. 2012. Abstract from International Conference on Management of Technology (21st : 2012), Hsinchu, Taiwan, .