The nucleotide sequence of rat muscle-specific enolase cDNA was determined by sequencing three cDNA clones encoding this enolase isozyme. The nearly full-length cDNA consists of 13-bp 5′- and 84-bp 3′-noncoding regions and a poly(A) tail in addition to a 1302-bp coding region encoding a polypeptide composed of 434 amino acid residues. The deduced primary structure of this enolase isozyme is about 80% similar to those determined previously for rat neuron-specific and non-neuronal enolase isozymes. Southern blot analysis suggested strongly the existence of a single copy of the muscle-specific enolase gene per haploid genome. The mRNA for this enolase isozyme was detected in rat skeletal muscle on day 1 after birth and its level increased rapidly during 10-30 days after birth without any change in its size (1500 bases).
- Amino acid sequence
- cDNA cloning