We report the clinical and radiological outcomes of a series of contemporary cementless ceramic-on-ceramic total hip replacements (THRs) at ten years in patients aged ≤ 55 years of age. Pre- and post-operative activity levels are described. A total of 120 consecutive ceramic cementless THRs were performed at a single centre in 110 patients from 1997 to 1999. The mean age of the patients at operation was 45 years (20 to 55). At ten years, four patients had died and six were lost to follow-up, comprising ten hips. The mean post-operative Harris hip score was 94.7 (55 to 100). Radiological analysis was undertaken in 90 available THRs of the surviving 106 hips at final review: all had evidence of stable bony ingrowth, with no cases of osteolysis. Wear was undetectable. There were four revisions. The survival for both components with revision for any cause as an endpoint was 96.5% (95% confidence interval 94.5 to 98.7). The mean modified University of California, Los Angeles activity level rose from a mean of 6.4 (4 to 10) pre-operatively to 9.0 (6 to 10) at the ten-year post-operative period. Alumina ceramic-on-ceramic bearings in cementless primary THR in this series have resulted in good clinical and radiological outcomes with undetectable rates of wear and excellent function in the demanding younger patient group at ten years.