Cervical and thoracic juxtafacet cysts causing neurologic deficits

Marcus A. Stoodley, Nigel R. Jones*, Grace Scott

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

39 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Study Design. Case reports and review of the literature. Objectives. To review the clinical features, treatment, and outcome of juxtafacet cysts. Summary of Background Data. There have previously been 4 reported cases of thoracic juxtafacet cysts and 19 cases of cervical juxtafacet cysts. Cervical cysts have usually originated from the cruciate ligament and caused myelopathy. Thoracic cysts are usually signaled by myelopathy. Methods. The records of the Neurosurgery Department of Royal Adelaide Hospital from 1980 through 1995 were reviewed for cases of intraspinal juxtafacet cysts. Results. Eight cases of intraspinal juxtafacet cysts were identified; six were in the lumbar spine. One patient had a cervical cyst related to a facet joint and had unilateral radiculopathy. A second patient with a thoracic cyst had the gradual onset of myelopathy. Both patients had surgical excision of the cyst without resection of the adherent dura. The symptoms and neurologic signs improved in each case. Conclusions. Cervical and thoracic juxtafacet cysts are rare lesions that are usually signaled by myelopathy. Results of surgery are excellent in most cases, even if the cyst is not completely excised.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)970-973
Number of pages4
JournalSpine
Volume25
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Apr 2000
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cervical spine
  • Ganglion cyst
  • Juxtafacet cyst
  • Myelopathy
  • Radiculopathy
  • Spinal cord
  • Synovial cyst
  • Thoracic spine

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