TY - JOUR

T1 - CFD-DEM simulation of three-dimensional aeolian sand movement

AU - Yang, Jiecheng

AU - Zhang, Yu

AU - Liu, Dayou

AU - Wei, Xiaolin

PY - 2010/7

Y1 - 2010/7

N2 - A three-dimensional CFD-DEM model is proposed to investigate the aeolian sand movement. The results show that the mean particle horizontal velocity can be expressed by a power function of heights. The probability distribution of the impact and lift-off velocities of particles can be described by a log-normal function, and that of the impact and lift-off angles can be expressed by an exponential function. The probability distribution of particle horizontal velocity at different heights can be described as a lognormal function, while the probability distribution of longitudinal and vertical velocity can be described as a normal function. The comparison with previous two-dimensional calculations shows that the variations of mean particle horizontal velocity along the heights in two-dimensional and three-dimensional models are similar. However, the mean particle density of the two-dimensional model is larger than that in reality, which will result in the overestimation of sand transportation rate in the two-dimensional calculation. The study also shows that the predicted probability distributions of particle velocities are in good agreement with the experimental results.

AB - A three-dimensional CFD-DEM model is proposed to investigate the aeolian sand movement. The results show that the mean particle horizontal velocity can be expressed by a power function of heights. The probability distribution of the impact and lift-off velocities of particles can be described by a log-normal function, and that of the impact and lift-off angles can be expressed by an exponential function. The probability distribution of particle horizontal velocity at different heights can be described as a lognormal function, while the probability distribution of longitudinal and vertical velocity can be described as a normal function. The comparison with previous two-dimensional calculations shows that the variations of mean particle horizontal velocity along the heights in two-dimensional and three-dimensional models are similar. However, the mean particle density of the two-dimensional model is larger than that in reality, which will result in the overestimation of sand transportation rate in the two-dimensional calculation. The study also shows that the predicted probability distributions of particle velocities are in good agreement with the experimental results.

KW - aeolian sand movement

KW - CFD

KW - DEM

KW - three-dimensional simulation

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=77955484749&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s11433-010-4038-6

DO - 10.1007/s11433-010-4038-6

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:77955484749

SN - 1674-7348

VL - 53

SP - 1306

EP - 1318

JO - Science China: Physics, Mechanics and Astronomy

JF - Science China: Physics, Mechanics and Astronomy

IS - 7

ER -