Changing kinematics as a means of reducing vulnerability to physical attack

Lucy Johnston, Stephen M. Hudson, Michael J. Richardson, Rebekah E. Gunns, Megan Garner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Three experiments investigated whether women can change their walking style and hence reduce their vulnerability to physical attack. In Experiment 1, women were videotaped walking normally and when imagining themselves in a situation of low personal safety. Women were rated as harder to attack in the low safety condition. Differences in walking style accounted for differences in ease-of-attack ratings. Experiment 2 compared walking styles and vulnerability of women before and after completing a self-defense course. No differences were seen across sessions. Experiment 3 investigated walking styles and vulnerability of women before and after completing individualized walking training programs. Differences in vulnerability between sessions were revealed and could be accounted for by changes in walking-style features.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)514-537
Number of pages24
JournalJournal of Applied Social Psychology
Volume34
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2004
Externally publishedYes

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