Channel quantization using constellation based codebooks for multiuser MIMO-OFDM

Chang Kyung Sung, Hajime Suzuki, Iain B. Collings

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


In this paper, we propose clustered quantization techniques for multiuser multi-input/multi-output (MIMO) orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) using constellation based codebooks. Constellation based codebooks provide scalability and efficient codeword search capability, which are key features for practical multiuser MIMO-OFDM systems with a large number of antennas. The proposed clustered quantization scheme quantizes consecutive subcarriers into a single codeword that minimizes aggregated quantization errors. We base our new clustering techniques on two constellation based quantization methods, namely equal-magnitude angular quantization (EMAQ) and squared-lattice angular quantization. New efficient codebook search algorithms are proposed for the clustered quantization. In addition, we propose new constellations to guarantee different users quantize channels into distinct codewords. One is a rotated M-PSK constellation suitable for randomly-distributed user scenarios, and the other is a random phase equal-magnitude (RPEM) constellation suitable for ill-conditioned user scenarios. Thus, full spatial multiplexing gain can be achievable even with small number of users. Finally, a near-sphere codeword search algorithm is proposed for the RPEM. In simulations, the proposed clustered quantization shows up to 50% higher throughput compared to conventional fixed-pilot channel quantization. Also, we show our new constellations for EMAQ improve throughput almost 35% compared to the standard EMAQ.

Original languageEnglish
Article number6698283
Pages (from-to)578-589
Number of pages12
JournalIEEE Transactions on Communications
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • channel quantization
  • multi-user systems
  • ZF precoder

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Channel quantization using constellation based codebooks for multiuser MIMO-OFDM'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this