鄂尔多斯盆地南部延长组层序地层格架 中烃源岩特征及控制因素

Translated title of the contribution: Characteristics and controlling factors of source rocks in Yanchang Formation sequence framework, Ordos Basin

Xiang Zhou, Sheng He*, Zhaoyou Chen, Ping Liu, Furong Wang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Triassic Yanchang Formation, the most important oil and gas horizon in Ordos Basin, is a typical lithologic reservoir characterized by mass oil-bearing and complex hydrocarbon accumulation, and characteristics of its source rocks are the main controlling factors of lithologic reservoir distribution. Based on outcrops and well log data, this paper divides the Yangchang Formation into three sequences including SQ1, SQ2 and SQ3 upwards to research the characteristics and controlling factors of source rocks within sequence framework. The results show that the primary source rock occurred in expansive system tract, and is characterized by Chang7 source rock belonging to semi-deep lake and deep lake underfilled type deposits during the lake maximum flood period; meanwhile, the sapropel-type kerogen source rocks with a higher organic matter abundance are dominant due to the lack of terrigenous clastic supply. There are also source rocks in highstand system tract such as Chang9 and Chang6 to Chang 4+5 belonging to the deposition of lake-shore, shallow lake facies, in which terrigenous clastic supply makes humic type source rock dominant also with a relative high organic matter abundance. The crude oil of Yanchang Formation in the study area is primarily from Chang7 within expansive systems tract during maximum flooding period of Late Triassic according to crude oil correlation, which implies that contributions of source rocks in different system tracts to Yanchang reservoir vary. The vertical and lateral change of accommodation under sequence stratigraphic sedimentary dynamics setting not only decides the distribution of sedimentary facies types, but also directly controls the abundance and type of organic materials within system tracts. The difference of source rock occurrences between system tracts in sequence framework facilitates prediction and evaluation of distribution laws of source rocks in the sedimentary setting of basin.

Original languageChinese
Pages (from-to)1055-1066
Number of pages12
JournalDiqiu Kexue - Zhongguo Dizhi Daxue Xuebao/Earth Science - Journal of China University of Geosciences
Volume41
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Petroleum geology
  • Sequence stratigraphy
  • Source rock
  • Southern Ordos basin
  • Triassic Yanchang Formation

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Characteristics and controlling factors of source rocks in Yanchang Formation sequence framework, Ordos Basin'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this