Characteristics of HPHT diamond grown at sub-lithosphere conditions (10-20 GPa)

Emma L. Tomlinson, Daniel Howell, Adrian P. Jones, Daniel J. Frost

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We have conducted high pressure-high temperature (HPHT) diamond synthesis experiments at the conditions of growth of superdeep diamonds (10-20 GPa), equivalent to the transition zone, using MgCO3 carbonate (oxidising) and FeNi (reducing) solvent catalysts. High rates of graphite-diamond transformation were observed in these short duration experiments (20 min). Transformation rates were higher using the metallic catalyst than in the carbonate system. High degrees of carbon supersaturation at conditions significantly above the graphite-diamond stability line, led to a high nucleation density. This resulted in the growth of aggregated masses of diamond outlined by polygonised diamond networks, resembling carbonado. Where individual crystals are visible, grown diamonds are octahedral in the lower pressure experiments (≤ 10 GPa in MgCO3 and ≤ 15 GPa in FeNi) and, cubo-octahedral at higher pressure. All grown diamonds show a high degree of twinning. The diamonds lack planar deformation features such as laminations or slip planes, which are commonly associated with natural superdeep diamonds.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11-17
Number of pages7
JournalDiamond and Related Materials
Volume20
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2011
Externally publishedYes

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