Purification of protein isoforms for the characterization of post-translational modifications, such as glycosylation, can be laborious and demanding. We report a means of determining monosaccharide composition and the identity of glycoproteins from a single spot on a two-dimensional (2-D) gel. The sensitivity of the method depends on the degree of glycosylation of the protein. We show that bovine fetuin can be analyzed and identified at the level of 100 pmol. 2-D reference maps enable quick identification of glycoprotein isoforms, and the nature of glycosylation differences. Human sera glycoforms were isolated by micropreparative 2-D PAGE using a narrow-range immobilized pH gradient. Single spots excised from one polyvinylidene difluoride blot of a 2-D gel were used sequentially for sialic acid analysis, neutral and amino sugar analysis, and finally amino acid analysis. The glycosylation variations in isoforms of human fetuin and α-1-antitrypsin were determined. The amino acid composition, in conjunction with protein pI and MW, successfully identified the glycoproteins.
|Number of pages||5|
|Publication status||Published - 1996|