Characterizing concrete corrosion below sewer tidal levels at chemically dosed locations

Shima Taheri*, Martin Ams, Heriberto Bustamante, Louisa Vorreiter, Joseph J. Bevitt, Michael Withford, Simon Martin Clark

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Unexplainable concrete softening below the water line has been observed by Sydney Water in their gravity sewer network, some of which is subjected to corrosion control methods using chemical ferrous chloride (FeCl2) dosing of the wastewater. We applied a combination of physical and chemical tools to determine the properties of the top 20 mm of concrete cores recovered from sewer pipes. These techniques consist of neutron tomographic imaging, scanning electron microscopy, hardness mapping, and pH profiling. Concrete cores were collected from roof (crown), tidal (wall) and below flow regions of gravity sewer pipes of Sydney Water's wastewater system from locations that received no treatment as well as locations dosed with FeCl2. All samples showed a degree of softening of the surface exposed to the sewerage with an associated depletion in calcium concentration and reduced pH in the same regions.
Original languageEnglish
Article number116245
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
JournalWater Research
Early online date28 Jul 2020
Publication statusPublished - 15 Oct 2020


  • Sewer pipes
  • Concrete corrosion
  • Ferrous chloride
  • Neutron tomography
  • Microindentation hardness
  • pH profiling

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