A locus for the slow conducting form of Charcot-Marie-Tooth neuropathy (CMT1A) was localised to the proximal short arm of chromosome 17, in band p11.2, distal to D17S58. Linkage studies of CMT1A in 3 large Australian families with the marker loci D17S58, D17S71, and D17S57 suggested the order, pter-CMT1A-D17S71-D17S58-centromere-D17S57. However, the estimate of the recombination fraction between CMT1A and D17S122, also assigned to p11.2, was incompatible with known map distances. The impasse was resolved when the D17S122 genotypes were revised to take into account a dosage effect due to a duplication. After correction of the genotypes, the maximum lod score between CMT1A and D17S122 increased from 0.53 at a recombination fraction of 0.3 to 34.28 at zero recombination. This result emphasizes that genotypes for markers in the p12-p11.2 region should be examined very carefully as ignoring the duplication changes the linkage results dramatically. The fact that no crossovers were found between CMT1A and D17S122 suggests that the duplication may cause the disease phenotype.
- Charcot-Marie-Tooth neuropathy type 1A
- chromosome 17p