This article examines the comprehensive reform of the Chinese environmental governance system since the early 2010s after the goal of constructing ecological civilization was integrated into China's state policies. Legislative changes have been undertaken in order to improve the environmental governance system and juridical environmental protection has been reinforced to tackle environmental challenges through a revised public interest litigation system. China's current environmental public interest litigation system consists of civil environmental public interest litigation and administrative environmental public interest litigation. Only procuratorates have standing in administrative environmental public interest litigation whereas environmental non-government organizations who are permitted to undertake civil cases are in practice marginalized. Individuals, on the other hand, do not have standing in either civil or administrative environmental public interest litigation cases. The ecological and environmental damages litigation system has been established in order to recognize government agencies that have standing in protecting environmental public interest.
- environmental governance
- environmental public interest litigation
- ecological civilization
- Chinese environmental non-government organizations (ENGO)
Jiang, H., Blazey, P., Wang, Y., & Ashiabor, H. (2020). China's new approach to environmental governance and public interest litigation. Asia Pacific Journal of Environmental Law, 23(1), 39-73. https://doi.org/10.4337/apjel.2020.01.02